These first aid tips are no substitute for thorough knowledge of first aid.
Attend a St John Ambulance First Aid Course.
In the case of a serious accident (and once you have treated any obvious injuries and called an ambulance), watch for signs of shock;
- Pale face.
- Cold, clammy skin.
- Fast, shallow breathing.
- Rapid, weak pulse.
- In extreme cases, unconsciousness.
- Lay the casualty down, raise and support their legs.
- Use a coat or blanket to keep them warm – but not smothered.
- Do not give them anything to eat or drink.
- Check breathing and pulse frequently. If breathing stops, follow the resuscitation sequence – DRABC.
- Give lots of comfort and reassurance.